Related professions

Other professions such as land surveying, satellite remote sensing, aerial photography, geographical information systems, photogrammetry, hydrography, and geodesy as well as cartography are sometimes grouped together as ‘geomatics’ or the ‘geosciences’. However, cartography remains essential to the successful visualisation of spatial data, and the demand for skilled cartographers is strong.

As well as design and production, the practice of mapmaking involves other areas. The following occupations involve specialist training, at undergraduate or postgraduate level.


  • Topographical surveyor

  • Land surveyor (surveying is a separate profession, but the map data gathered forms the basis for the maps)

  • Planner

  • Hydrographer

  • Photogrammeter

  • Map curator

  • Academic researcher

  • Historical cartographer

Useful links